5 Cutting-edge programming languages that you should not ignore

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Throughout the history of computer programming, numerous programming languages have been developed to serve various purposes. These languages are utilized in the creation of websites, desktop applications, servers, and a plethora of other tasks.

Let’s shed light on some lesser-known programming languages that exemplify creativity and the boundless possibilities within software development.


Mercury, originating from Australia in 1995, is a functional, statically typed, and strongly typed language. It bears similarities to Prolog and Haskell but is stricter regarding side effects. Despite its rigidity, Mercury sacrifices flexibility for speed, efficiency, and precision, making it an excellent choice for constructing large applications that demand high performance.


Beneath its whimsical name lies a robust object-oriented scripting language. Squirrel was designed to have a smaller footprint, optimizing its performance in video game applications. Drawing inspiration from C, C++, Java, Python, and Lua, Squirrel presents a powerful blend of languages.


Developed as a more versatile programming language for GNOME apps, Vala aims to reduce reliance on external runtimes and libraries. Particularly suitable for creating GTK apps, Vala offers simplicity and efficiency. The official GTK website provides excellent example projects, demonstrating Vala’s ease of use with GTK.


Ballerina is a language tailored for cloud-based applications. Despite its recent creation in 2015 and announcement in 2017, its relevance and necessity are undeniable. Ballerina streamlines the process of creating and maintaining cloud applications, integrating networking and application service components seamlessly into the language.


While not a standalone programming language, the configuration language utilized by LilyPond is noteworthy. Designed to facilitate the creation of high-quality musical scores, LilyPond allows composers to produce aesthetically pleasing compositions using its TeX-like language. Despite its complexity, the ability to create musical scores using LilyPond is intriguing, with various integrations available, including the insertion of sound snippets into MediaWiki pages.